The DarkNet History
The DarkNet got its name coined in the 1970s to work with networks that are isolated from ARPANET(The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) uses and implements TCP/IP was a first packet switching network.
The DarkNet received the data from ARPANET with addresses that do not show up in searches, network lists, and pings. Then it was accepted by the public after the publication of “The Darknet and the Future of Content Distribution” in 2002, a paper by Peter Biddle, Paul England, Marcus Peinado, and Bryan Willman specifically.
They were four employees of Microsoft who argued that the presence of the DarkNet was a hindrance to the development of DRM technologies and certainty of copyright infringement.
A student at the University of California did the first communication between the computers connected through ARPANET by sending a message. Within a few years, numerous isolated secretive networks began alongside ARPANET of which some became the DarkNet.
The necessity of storing sensitive large data arises. The former solutions were physical data havens that assured to hold everything from pornography to gambling which was completely illegal.
The internet boosts up and of course the costs began falling added with the advancements in the file compression made the DarkNet even stronger. The illegal activities grew bigger and bigger as the decentralized data hubs were born where you can get everything illegal from the password protected DarkNet-ers!
Clarke reports the New York Times. “I have two words for … companies trying to halt free file-sharing, Give up” develops Freenet where you can access everything from child pornography to steps on making weapons. Later on HavenCo sprouts up that hosts prohibited data from high-tech nitrogen-encased servers hidden in fort Sealand, a World War 2 spot off the British coast. Within a few years, HavenCo shuts down.
Tor – The Onion Router was released by US Naval Research Laboratory that seals the IP address of users using it. It was found for protecting the privacy of American operations.
The DarkNet have developed in such a way that a magazine reports Darknet distributes about half a million movies per day. From Hollywood movies to copyrighted software. The DarkNet business profited 34 billion dollars worldwide with software piracy.
Bitcoin shook hands with DarkNet, a cryptocurrency for anonymous DarkNet-ers for money laundering and illegal criminal activity became a huge hit. Satoshi Nakamoto was the “mine” behind it.
The DarkNet houses for more than 50,000 illegal websites and 300 terrorist forums reports Procysive. It became the financial gateway for pirated content.
Silk Road comes into action, the road that leads to the illegal marketplace where you can buy and sell illegal drugs as easy as buying products from Amazon.com except that only Tor users with Bitcoins can but them. As this Silk Road emerges the value of Bitcoin hikes from $10 to $30 within days.
The largest supplier of child porn on the globe – Eric Eoin Marques was arrested by the Irish police. Also as a part of the FBI operation that breached into the Firefox browser to identify Tor users that routed back to a server in North Virginia. The FBI intercepted the communication between the al Qaeda chiefs Ayman al-Zawahiri and Nasir al-Wuhayshi, that led to the shuttering of US embassies in 21 Muslim countries. As most of the high-level al Qaeda conversations took place over the DarkNet.
Silk Road was shut down by FBI in October 2013 followed by the arrest of Ross William Ulbricht who was the mastermind behind this and did sales for about $1.2 billion within 2 years. “No doubt we will all regroup elsewhere”, said by a Silk Road user and in November Silk Road 2.0 was online just after the month its former was killed.